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In 1970 Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi decided to demonstrate the glory of the Persian empire to the world by celebrating the 2500th anniversary of foundation of the Persian empire. The celebrations were held in Shiraz in October 1971 and many kings, Queens and heads of states were invited to the ceremonies.
The same year (1350 A.H /1971 A.D), was called after the founder of the Persian empire as the year of Cyrus the great and a magnificent coin was minted in honor of theris majesties Cyrus and Mohammad Reza Shah Pahlavi.
Commemorative coin of the year of Great Cyrus.
Obverse (Right) : Emblem of the 2500th anniversary of foundation of the Persian empire, that consists of the Pahlavi imperial coat of arms at the top and the cylinder of Cyrus. This cylinder is the first description of human rights and is now kept in the British museum.
Reverse (Left) : Profiles of Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi and Great Cyrus. The script at the bottom is: "Saal-e Kooroshe Bozorg" or year of the Great Cyrus.
On the occasion of this celebration, two types of commemorative coins were minted too. The first type that is the most available one consists of a gold and a silver coin, minted by the National bank of Iran. The gold coin (As shown above the page) had the portrait of Shah on one side and the cylinder of Cyrus the great on the other side. The size of the gold coin is equal to a 2.5 Pahlavi gold coin. The silver coin were minted in the same size and style. The script on the coin says: "Do hezaaro paansadomin saal-e bonyangozary-e shahanshahi-e Iran" which means the 2500th year of foundation of the empire of Iran. Date of release is 1350 A.H or 1971 A.D.
The coins of the second series are more valuable and unique in
style (see the next page).
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